Process for Formulation of Sustainable Land Management Bye-laws | Protocols, Manuals and Standards (Protocols & Software)
Efficient and effective community-based natural resource management is guided by well-outlined byelaws. However, most grassroots community members lack the prerequisite capacity for developing byelaws on their own and hence require training in the same. The process outlines the necessary ingredients and steps for development and implementation of bye-laws for Sustainable Land Management (SLM). It is based on experiences in SLM-related rules, regulations and formulations in Ethiopia and Uganda.
Lessons and experiences have been drawn from the process used during the formulation of bye-laws for Dendi and Were Jarso districts in Ethiopia and bye-laws for Benet sub-county and Kabei parish in Kapchorwa and Bukwo districts in Uganda.
The process has been disseminated through the ASARECA website, local institutions and farmer groups. The process has been developed in a simple format that can serve dual roles for teams, thus facilitating transmission. This team may include individuals such as: extension staff, local policy makers, members from local community groups and members from NGOs and CBOs.
The process has been disseminated through the ASARECA website, local institutions and farmer groups in the form of a manual. The manual has been developed in a simple format that can serve dual roles for teams facilitating the process of bye-law formulation. This may include the following: extension staff, local policy makers, local community groups, NGOs and CBOs. The manual was instrumental in the formulation of the Uganda’s Bukwo district Land Care Ordinance No. 2/2013. This is the first ordinance
approved by the district council and one of the most relevant with regard to sustainable development.
The process does not segregate between men, women and the youth. All gender categories are expected to participate in issues of SLM. The process is a key source of information, especially on efforts that promote sustainability. It can be used by community development workers to empower women, especially in aspects of land management where they seem to lag behind men. Gender concepts including equity, equal opportunity, gender strategic needs, and how they relate to SLM in the household context were explained to participants including the various tools used to ensure gender mainstreaming in the byelaw formulation process. Several by-laws already being enforced in the two sites were reviewed by relevant IPs in areas such as penalties imposed in bye-laws; appropriate timing of collective SLM activities; and consideration of inclusion of youth among those targeted by the bye-laws. As a result, two bye-laws were developed and registered at local level Kebele watershed levels (one on implementation of SWC practices and the other on mechanisms for equitable sharing of benefits from introduced crossbred cows).A draft land care ordinance was developed and adopted by the Bukwo District council that took the lead in operationalizing IPs under the leadership of a local government female Environment Officer.
The process was used in the development of two SLM bye-laws for two membership based organizations in Bukwo, Uganda; two bye-laws in the MekhankutaBorodo watershed in Dendi, Ethiopia and a district level land care ordinance in Bukwo, Uganda district. The byelaws and ordinance prescribe uptake of agro-forestry, contour bunds, Napier grass to establish contours, terraces, trenches and improved cow management among other innovations through collective action of farming households
across the landscape. Increased behavioral change culminating in wide adoption of SLM innovations totaling to 187 km long of soil and water conservation bunds constructed in Ethiopia and on 8,435 ha of land in Uganda. (iv) institutional and organizations capacity strengthening of Innovation platforms that culminated into coalitions of stakeholders in Ethiopia to form thirty seven (37) collective action groups comprised of development group “gareemisoomaa”; and working group “gareehoojii” towards implementation of SLM innovations. Overall, the capacity of 295 people was built in bye-law development and review.
Dr. Willy Kakuru,
Lecturer, Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Makerere University
P.O. Box 7062
Mr. Alex Muhweezi,
Executive Officer, Future Dialogues International (FDI)
P.O. Box 4111, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256772221499 Email: email@example.com
Dr. Michael Waithaka,
Programme Manager-PAAP, ASARECA,
P O Box 765; Entebbe, Uganda
Ms. Miriam Kyotalimye, Programme Assistant- PAAP, ASARECA
P.O Box 765; Entebbe, Uganda
Dr. Joy Tukahirwa, Research Scientist/NRM Specialist, World Agroforestry- ICRAF African Highland
P.O. Box 26416, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256 414220600 / +256 772786816
Fax: +256 414223242
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Dr. ChilotYirga, Researcher, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR)
P.O. Box 2003; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Figure 1 shows the various steps in the development of the SLM bye-law.
Figure 1. Process of bye-law development process as illustrated in the SLM manual
The detailed step by step process for developing an SLM bye-law is shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2.An illustration of the bye-law development process in the SLM manual
ASARECA. 2010. Manual for Sustainable Land Management: Bye-law development and implementation in Ethiopia. Entebbe, ASARECA